Braem, M. D., & Mills, D. S. (2010). Factors affecting response of dogs to obedience instruction: A field and experimental study. Applied animal behaviour science, 125(1), 47-55.
“Two factors were associated with a
significant decrease in obedience: the dog’s attention to its handler and the handler giving
additional verbal information preceding the actual verbal command”
In practice: 1. Make sure you have your dog’s attention before asking them to do something 2. Try to just give the verbal command without any additional chat!
This might mean that you need to call your dog’s name to get their attention first, but once you have your dog’s attention, don’t use their name just say the command!